Inside: How to explain the Holy Spirit to a child through the Biblical narrative, through the Trinity, and through the works of the Holy Spirit.
Both kids and adults ask questions like:
- Who IS the Holy Spirit?
- Why do we need the Holy Spirit?
- What does the Holy Spirit do?
- Where does the Holy Spirit live?
The Holy Spirit can be such a tricky concept to explain to children because they are such concrete thinkers. It’s also a little dicey because different denominations have slightly different views of the Holy Spirit. However, what follows is a way to explain the Holy Spirit to a child of almost any age, with teaching that’s foundational enough to appeal to all Christian denominations.
(Follow along with the video or read the transcript below!)
1) How to Explain the Holy Spirit to a Child Through the Biblical Narrative
Jesus lived on earth for 33 years. He was fully God, but he was also fully human, which meant he could only be in one place at a time and only impact a few lives at a time.
Before he left, he said to his disciples,”It is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you.” John 16:7 ESV
Jesus’ followers had some questions.
❓ How could Jesus going away be a good thing?
❓ Who was this Helper Jesus promised to them?
⭐️ Jesus knew he needed to leave so the Helper could be with each of his followers at the same time, just as if he was standing right next to them, even if they were scattered all over the world.
☁️ So Jesus went away, up to heaven, leaving his disciples sad and quite confused. A few days later, the disciples were gathered together and something totally wild happened…
“And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit.”Acts 2:2-4a ESV
The Holy Spirit is the Helper Jesus promised!
The Holy Spirit is sent by Jesus to remind the world of what Jesus taught and did.
Pentecost was the first time anyone had ever had God’s Spirit inside them instead of just on them or with them. The first time the Holy Spirit came to live inside people was wildly obvious, but the Holy Spirit wasn’t just for the first disciples.
He is in every single person who follows Jesus. He doesn’t normally come in flames and wind, but he lives inside you, as the Helper Jesus promised to send.
2) How to Explain the Holy Spirit as Part of the Trinity
I want you to close your eyes for a moment. Imagine you have taken a time machine trip way back to the beginning of time. I mean the very beginning, before the universe existed.
There are no hot dogs, no siblings, and no computers. Nothing to taste, smell, see, touch, or hear. All there is right here, right now, is God.
But here is the enormously strange mystery. While there is only one God, God exists as three persons. They are called Father, Spirit, and Son.
The three persons of God are separate, but the same, kind of like the three separate points on a fidget spinner. One fidget spinner has three points. But when you spin the fidget spinner, it all looks like one solid piece of plastic. God as three persons in one is called the Trinity.
These three persons love each other deeply. The Greek word for the relationship between Father, Spirit, and Son, is perichoresis (pear-i-COR-ee-sis). That’s a very big word to describe something like a dance of love, where the Father, Son and Spirit dance and swirl and rotate around a common center of divine love.
They dance together in perfect love and peace.
Out of this love, God created you and me and everything around us, and God invites us to dance with him.
In Genesis 1:26, God said, “Let us make human beings in our image, to be like us.” We were designed to be part of this dance, to love God and love each other perfectly. But of course, we failed. God created laws to help us, but those laws only showed how unloving we were.
In John 15:9, Jesus said, “I have loved you even as the Father has loved me. Remain in my love.” It’s hard for us to remain in Jesus’ love, isn’t it? We have a hard time trusting that God actually loves us, which makes it hard to love him back.
So God, out of love, sent the Son to free us from our sin so we could join in this dance of love.
All you have to do to join is to accept that God has given you this gift, and to choose to join the dance with God.
The Father created you, the Son saved you, and, once you accept the gift of salvation, the Holy Spirit lives inside you, helping you love God and love others.
**This section is an except from my book, “Fruit Full: 100 Family Experiences to Grow in the Fruit of the Spirit”.
3) How to Explain the Work of the Holy Spirit to a Child
If you thought that was going to be an easy topic, think again! As far as I can tell, the Bible tells us of at least 70 things the Holy Spirit does.
Um, yes, that’s a lot. How about we just hit the high points today?
Just before Jesus died, he promised to send a Helper. But what exactly does the Holy Spirit help us with? Surely he’s here for more than helping us find a good parking spot at the mall.
THE HOLY SPIRIT…
GIVES US SALVATION
Titus 3:4-5 says “When God our Savior revealed his kindness and love, he saved us, not because of the righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy. He washed away our sins, giving us a new birth and new life through the Holy Spirit.” (NLT)
All that salvation stuff we talk about, the big reason why God became human and walked with us? Well, none of that works without the Spirit.
IS GOD’S GUARANTEE THAT HE WILL KEEP HIS PROMISES.
“He has identified us as his own by placing the Holy Spirit in our hearts as the first installment that guarantees everything he has promised us.” 2 Corinthians 1:22 (NLT)
God said “I’ll keep my promises” and proved it by putting his seal on us, like putting a stamp of ownership on a book.
HELPS US WORSHIP AND PRAY
You know when you’re just not feeling into worship, or when your prayers feel dry and sticky in your mouth? The Spirit’s here to help with that!
Ephesians 5:18-19 talks about being filled with the Spirit and singing songs to God. Ephesians 6:18 commands us to “pray in the Spirit at all times and on every occasion.” (NLT) Romans 8:26 literally says that when we don’t know what to pray, the Spirit prays for us!
HELPS US MAKE GOOD CHOICES
“So I say, let the Holy Spirit guide your lives. Then you won’t be doing what your sinful nature craves. The sinful nature wants to do evil, which is just the opposite of what the Spirit wants. And the Spirit gives us desires that are the opposite of what the sinful nature desires. These two forces are constantly fighting each other, so you are not free to carry out your good intentions.But when you are directed by the Spirit, you are not under obligation to the law of Moses.” Galatians 5:16-18 (NLT)
When you get that feeling like “ooooh boy, I’m about to do something really dumb,” you can cry out to the Holy Spirit for help and he will help you!
(To read more about living in the power of the Holy Spirit, read Galatians 5:16-26 and Romans 8.)
GIVES SPECIAL GIFTS TO HELP THE CHURCH
God gives us gifts, but they don’t usually come wrapped up with ribbon.
Romans 12 and 1 Corinthians 12 talk about many of the different gifts that the Holy Spirit gives Christians. The point of the spiritual gifts is to help others know Jesus and to help strengthen the Church. These gifts go beyond what talents you already have, although often, God uses what you’re already good at and makes it really shine for his glory by giving extra spiritual gifts.
Wow, that WAS a lot! And we didn’t even cover it all.
I’d love to know what you think.
I’d also love to invite you to read my brand new book, “Fruit Full: 100 Family Experiences for Growing in the Fruit of the Spirit”. It can truly help your family understand the work of the Spirit as you talk about how to grow in love, joy, peace. You’ll see the work of the Spirit concretely through Jesus, through his hands, his habits, and his heart for humanity.
Each of the 100 devotions will help kids see the fruit of the Spirit in a concrete, practical way through the life and teachings of Jesus and the Holy Spirit himself will help them grow in the fruit!
LEARN MORE ABOUT FRUIT FULL HERE.
I’d love for you to pick up a copy of the book to use in your home or ministry, and I have some resources you can download as well! Sign up for them here!
Thank you for this article. It helped me understand the Holy Spirit better and gave me language to explain it as well. I really appreciated the fidget spinner analogy and how we are invited into this dance. I’ve been talking to my children about the fruits of the spirit, so this article is very timely for me. Thanks!
Christie Thomas says
You’re so welcome! The fidget spinner analogy makes sense to me too. I know that it’s tricky to use analogies because God is so much bigger, but this one is really helpful!
I thought this was a good introduction to the Holy Spirit and as kids mature, more information can be added as they ask. You’ve laid a good foundation here.
Christie Thomas says
Thank you for your kind comment!
bamboo garden says
I have a hard time describing my thoughts on content, but I really felt I should here. Your article is really great. I like the way you wrote this information.
Christie Thomas says
Thank you so much for taking the time to leave a comment! I really appreciate it.
Useful information. Because my son went to school, he heard about the Holy Spirit from his friends and he came home and asked me with a lot of curiosity. How does it also refer to praying to the Holy Spirit? Therefore, I also teach him how to pray to the Holy Spirit whenever he wants to gain strength and be enlightened in his studies. I only understand so much. But thanks for giving me great information so that I can answer and talk to my child more about this topic.
Christie Thomas says
You’re so welcome! I’m glad it was helpful.
Rev'd M Smith says
Very interesting comments. My dear dad once said to me on asking what the Holy Spirit was all about…
‘My dear girl, if anyone ever says to you that they now understand the Holy Spirit, then they must surely
be the Fourth member…’
Christie Thomas says
That’s a great comment! It’s definitely true that no one can fully understand the Holy Spirit or the Trininty.